The Tamborine Mountain Escarpment Protection Precinct is not just home to an incredible array of fauna needing protection; it’s also home to an amazing variety of flora, including precious orchids.
The Forest is rich with an amazing array of epiphytic, lithophytic and terrestrial orchids. Some orchid species would have evolved to survive in the area’s unique habitats contained within gullies, on cliff faces and throughout other natural and distinct land formations.
The orchids in The Forest, along with a range of the other plant species, have remained mostly intact due to the area having been largely untouched by humans.
Guanaba Experience threatens their future by subjecting sensitive biodiverse areas to 50,000+ tourists per year. Orchids, which are very susceptible to subtle changes in their environment, will be exposed to additional light and soil run-off caused by vegetation clearing for tracks, trails and buildings and disturbance caused by high volumes of human activity.
Amazing orchids of Tamborine Mountain, many of which exist in The Forest:
ORCHIDS MAPPED TO THE FOREST WITH FEDERAL EPBC STATUS
Vulnerable – Bulbophyllum globuliforme (Hoop Pine Orchid)
Vulnerable – Cryptostylis hunteriana (Leafless Tongue-orchid)
Endangered – Phaius australis (Lesser Swamp-orchid)
Vulnerable – Sarcochilus hartmannii (Blue Knob Orchid)
EPIPHYTIC & LITHOPHYTIC (growing on. trees, rocks, etc.)
B. crassulifolium (Wheat leafed bulbophyllum)
Dendrobium aemulum (Box orchid)
D. beckleri (Pencil orchid)
D. linguiforme (Tongue orchid)
D. monophyllum (Lily of the valley orchid)
D. pugioniforme (Dagger orchid)
D. speciosum var. hilli
D. teretifolium (Bridal veil or pencil orchid)
Sarcochilus ceciliae var. albus (Fairy Bells)
S. falcatus (Orange blossom orchids)
S. fitzgeraldii (Ravine orchid)
TERRESTRIAL (growing in the ground)
Caladenia carnea (Pink fingers)
C. patersonii (Common spider orchid)
Calanthe triplicata (Christmas orchid)
C. major (Flying duck or bee orchid)
Calochilus robertsonii (Bearded orchid)
Diuris aurea (Double tail)
D. maculata (Spotted double-tail or leopard orchid)
D. pedunculata (Golden moth)
Erthrorchis cassythoides ((formerly Galeola c.) Climbing Orchid)
Glossodia major (Wax-tip orchid)
Microtis parviflora (Slender onion orchid or babes in the wood)
Plectorrhiza tridentata (Tangle orchid)
Prasophyllum archeri (Variable midge orchid)
Pseudovanilla foliata (formerly Galeola f.)
Pterostylis acurninata (Sharp greenhood)
P. baptistii (King greenhood)
P. grandiflora (Superb or cobra greenhood)
P. nutans (Nodding greenhood or Partos beak orchid)
P. ophioglossa (Snakes tongue orchid)
P. reflexa (Horned orchid or dainty greenhood)
Thelymitra ixiodes (Spotted sun-orchid)
A point of interest
Renowned Australian poet Judith Wright, who was called “the conscience of the nation” for her commitment to Aboriginal Australian land rights and the nation’s natural environment, lived in a house on Tamborine Mountain called Calanthe.
The title came from the Calanthe Triplicata, a rare white orchid that flowers around December / January.
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